Different Techniques That We Offer
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a talk therapy that can help you manage personal and life challenges by changing the way you think and behave. CBT is based on the concept that your thoughts, combined with your actions as well as feelings; which includes emotions and physical sensations are interconnected, and these thought errors and feelings can trap you in a vicious cycle.
CBTs primary focus is to help you deal with overwhelming problems in a positive way. This is done by focusing on breaking them down into smaller parts: your thoughts, physical and emotional feelings and actions. You will learn how to change these negative patterns or thought errors to improve the way you feel. CBT deals with your current problems, rather than focusing on issues from your past. You will work towards identifying practical ways to improve your state of mind on a daily basis.
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a type of cognitive behavioural therapy approach that emphasizes the psychosocial aspects of counselling services. Sometimes a person will experience intense reactions in emotional situations and DBT helps individuals reduce arousal levels and emotional stimulation that takes a significant amount of time to return to a tolerable baseline.
DBT is support-oriented as it helps the individual to identify strengths and build on them so they can begin to feel better about his/herself and their life. The counsellor and client work together on relationships challenges using role-play, and practicing skills such as self-soothing and completing homework. The counsellor helps the individual to learn, apply and master the DBT skills. There is an emphasis on problem-solving behaviours during each session. DBT will also focus on decreasing post-traumatic stress responses and helping to enhance the individual’s own self-respect and self-image.
Interpersonal Therapy focuses on interpersonal relationships and strategies for improving communication patterns. It explores how the client relates to others so that there is a positive impact in the individual’s life and social connections.
Techniques can include: Identifying emotions and reflecting in order to question where they are coming from. Expressing emotion in healthy and productive ways. Dealing with past unresolved issues that are carrying over into new relationships. The results tend to be that the individual is in a better position to be objective in their present relationships.
Family Therapy goal is to gain an understanding of the larger family group and the complex, dynamic interactions that take place, and how those interactions were formed. There is an emphasis on the fact that the entire family system is impacted by the behaviors and challenges of one another’s.
Family Counselling may include:
- Genogram — A genogram is a family tree constructed by the counsellor and it looks at past relationships and events and what impact these may have on the person’s current emotional status.
- Systemic Interpretation — Views low moods or anxiousness as a symptom of a problem in the larger family.
- Communication Training — Dysfunctional communication patterns within the family are identified and corrected. Family members are taught how to listen, ask questions and respond non-defensively.
Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFCT)
Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFCT) is a structured approach to relationships counselling. EFCT is a nine-step, three-event process for couples dealing with relationship challenges. This counselling approach is known to expand on emotional responses and to initiate new healthy patterns and cycles of interactions.
Solution Focused (Brief) Therapy (SFBT)
Solution Focused (Brief) Therapy (SFBT) is a goal-directed collaborative approach to change. SFBT addresses what clients want to achieve by exploring the history and provenance of problem(s). Your therapy sessions will emphasise the events and situations in the present and from a future perspective, because focusing on the past can prevent the individual from accessing productive solutions. The counsellor believes that the individual is capable of identifying their own solutions with the right support during the session.
Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR)
Traumatic Incident Reduction (TIR) is a rapid method of effectively reducing traumatic stress from emotionally and/or physically painful events in the past. It involves re-experiencing past traumas in a completely safe environment, free of distractions, judgments, or interpretations. TIR allows the client to confront and experience the pain in an effort to avoid or stop the blocking of awareness. Once the person processes the experience it becomes a past incident and often frees the individual of the symptoms and the emotional charged impact.
Motivational Interviewing (MI)
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is focused on exploring and resolving ambivalence that centres on the motivational processes within the client that facilitate the change process. It considers change that is consistent with the client’s own values, beliefs, or wishes and supports the change in a manner that is congruent with their values and concerns. MI is a collaborative, person-centred approach of guiding in order to elicit and strengthen the client’s motivation for embracing change.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)Therapy
It is an interactive psychotherapy technique used to relieve psychological stress; depression, anxiety, phobias, addictions, nightmares, grief, divorce, bullying, abuse and a multitude of other life traumas.
These beliefs subconsciously hold self-limitations based on unhappy experiences in our past as well as feeling a need to be perfect or being unworthy of love.
It is an effective treatment for trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is a valuable tool that has helped countless people remove the effects of trauma from their lives. This eight-stage process targets the client’s beliefs about his/her past, present and future, and the negative experiences that over shadows them. EMDR treatment helps to take the power away from these negative beliefs, showing you that they are merely an interpretation of an event, and that other more valid and positive interpretations are available.
EMDR therapy takes a different approach from that of talk therapy, and issues that patients have tried to talk through for years may be resolved in only a handful of sessions. You also don’t have to divulge every detail of your memories in EMDR, which is very helpful if you have trouble vocalising.
EMDR uses a natural function of the body, Rapid Eye Movement (REM), as its basis. The human mind uses REM during sleep time to help it process daily emotional experiences. During EMDR session the brain processes troubling images and feelings, identifying a resolution of the issue can be achieved. It is believed that EMDR works because the “bilateral stimulation” by-passes the area of the brain that has become stuck due to the trauma and is preventing the left side of the brain from self-soothing the right side of the brain.
EMDR treatment is valuable for everybody, not just people who are consciously suffering. Transforming negative beliefs can improve your relationships, work performance, creativity, health, and more. By quieting the voice that says “I can’t” or “why bother”, you unlock your true potential.
Once therapist and client have agreed that EMDR is appropriate for a specific problem. The client and therapist will complete the client history form to identify the type of problem, life circumstances, and the amount of previous trauma will determine how many treatment sessions are necessary. Every treatment plan is unique to the client’s needs. Each session normally lasts for about 60 to 90 minutes. Therapists who use EMDR often assign homework to help maintain progress between sessions.
Trauma Focused CBT (TF-CBT)
Trauma Focused CBT (TF-CBT) is a specific type of talk therapy for people who have experienced trauma and who are suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Many people will experience trauma at some point in their life: an experience which is threatening, scary, overwhelming, or out of our control. Common traumas include: accidents, being a victim of physical or sexual violence, or being in a life-threatening situation such as a war or natural disaster.
TF-CBT is a collaborative form of therapy where you and your counsellor will form a trusting working relationship and work to resolve all of the symptoms of a traumatic event or PTSD. Counselling Strategies may include:
- Grounding and stabilization practise techniques to manage the overwhelming feelings and symptoms.
- Relaxation exercises: yoga, progressive muscle relaxation, visualization, mindfulness deep breathing and using grounding tools.
- Work with memories: view the memories of the trauma in order to process them properly. This can be done by talking it through, deliberately imagining the events, or writing or drawing about it. This is called memory processing and is done very carefully and deliberately.
- Work with beliefs: people tend to try making sense of what happens to them. Belief work in TF-CBT is about making sense of what you thought at the time of the trauma, and deciding on a fair way to think about yourself and your situation now.
- Reclaiming your life: it is very common after trauma to start avoiding things that leave you feeling uncomfortable, but this can begin to shrink your world. Effective therapy is about taking back the things that you used to enjoy, or building a new life that you can value.